SHARES

How can I buy shares for my kids?

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How can I buy shares for my kids?

It's a question we get a lot at Money mag - how can I buy shares for my children or grandchildren?

You might think it's a good idea to buy and register the shares in the child's name but many brokers don't allow this.

how to buy shares for kids children tax implications under 18 how can i buy shares for my kids

Australia's biggest broker, CommSec, for example, doesn't let you trade on behalf of a minor.

Its website states: "You can however open an account in the name of an adult who will act as a trustee until the minor turns 18. Once the minor has turned 18, the shares can be transferred into an account in their name."

As there will be no change in beneficial ownership, because the shares were always intended for the child, you shouldn't have to pay capital gains tax when that happens.

An issue that does arise, though, is who declares, and therefore pays tax on, the dividends.

Tax implications

If all the dividends and shares are held for the child - even if you made all the investment decisions and provided the money to buy the shares - then the child is the owner of the shares and declares the dividend income and all capital gains and losses from the sale of those shares, says the ATO.

As long as the child doesn't earn more than $416 in "unearned" income they won't have to pay any tax or even have to lodge a tax return.

On a share yielding a 5% fully franked dividend, for example, they would have to have about $5824 worth of shares before tax is payable.

If they earn more than that, the tax rate can be as high as 68%. The shares would be worth $10,400 if they were to break even on the tax due, taking into account the tax already paid on the dividends by the companies.

If the total franking credits are more than the tax liability for the year, you may be entitled to a refund of excess franking credits from franked dividends.

In that case a child who owns shares may need to lodge an income tax return to claim a refund of any excess franking credits, says the ATO.

The higher tax rate might not worry you if you have a modest share portfolio for your child, but if you intend to build a larger one, depending on your tax bracket, you might consider putting the shares in your name.

If you're a couple it should go in the lower income earner's name.

That way you can limit the tax payable on the dividends.

But in that case you are considered the beneficial owner and if you transfer the shares to your child when they turn 18, you will be hit with CGT. Before you buy the shares, you may benefit from getting advice from an accountant to work out the best approach.

Setting up a trust

Another option is to set up a discretionary family trust, which purchases the shares.

This is really only beneficial if your personal finances are complex.

Trusts can be expensive to set up and run and there's no point spending the money just so you can buy your kids a few shares.

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Maria Bekiaris is editorial campaigns manager for Canstar and former deputy editor of Money. She holds a Bachelor's degree in business.
Comments
Marek Mularczyk
July 5, 2020 1.52am

So as I understand it the best way to set up a modest share holding for children, to demonstrate that they are the benefical owner, is to have dividends paid into their account. To do that I need to open a trading account in my name, to effect the trades, but with dividend's paid directly into my child's account. I would really appreciate it if anyone can advise who will let me do this. AFter much wrangling I got Westpac to acknoweldge this, but I have to open a Westpac account, even though I didn't need to if I am trading on my own behalf. BTW I and my children bank with ST George.

B M
July 19, 2020 10.18pm

So my question would be, if i have TWO children. I have opened my share trading account on nabtrade on behalf of my first daughter, however i cannot open a second share trading account on there. How do i work around this?

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